The Real Estate Photography Glossary

Real Estate Photography Glossary: Ambient light, Bracketing, Composition, Drone shots, HDR, Wide-angle lens, Post-processing, Twilight, Virtual staging & more!

In the dynamic world of real estate, visual presentation stands as a cornerstone for enticing potential buyers and renters. High-quality imagery not only showcases a property’s features but also helps potential clients envision themselves in that space. As such, real estate photography has emerged as a specialized field, blending art, technical skills, and industry-specific knowledge to produce captivating photos that sell. This real estate photography glossary is a comprehensive guide, designed to enlighten readers on terms spanning various topics relevant to the field:

  1. Real Estate Photography Services: Dive into the specifics of what professionals offer and what clients can expect.
  2. Editing Terms: Understand the intricacies of capturing the perfect shot and refining it to perfection in post-production.
  3. Camera and Equipment Terms: Equip yourself with knowledge about the tools of the trade and the fundamental terminology.
  4. Architecture and Interior Design Terms: Grasp the nuances of structural design and interior decor, essential for highlighting a property’s charm.
  5. Real Estate and General Business Terms: Navigate the broader real estate industry and its interactions with business elements, making transactions seamless.
Real Estate Photography Glossary

Whether you’re a real estate agent, homeowner, budding photographer, or someone interested in the intersection of real estate and photography, this glossary will be an invaluable resource. Herein, you’ll find definitions and explanations of terms encountered during photoshoots, in post-processing sessions, or during industry discussions.

Real Estate Photography Glossary

Let this glossary empower you to make informed decisions, communicate effectively, and achieve mastery in the realm of real estate photography. Dive in and explore the multifaceted language that defines this captivating industry.

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Real Estate Photography Glossary – Categories

Real Estate Photography Services
Editing Terms
Camera and Equipment Terms
Architecture and Interior Design Terms
Real Estate and General Business Terms

Real Estate Photography Services

Aerial Photography

Capturing photos of a property from an elevated perspective, often using drones.

Aerial 360° Photography

Capturing panoramic images from an elevated perspective using drones.

Aerial 360° Videography

Capturing panoramic videos from above using drones.

Aerial Mapping

Creating detailed topographical maps or 3D models using drone imagery.

Dollhouse View

A visual representation of the entire property in a 3D model, resembling a dollhouse.

Drone Mapping

Creating topographic or 3D maps using drone-captured imagery.

Dusk Photography

Capturing exterior shots of a property during the transition from twilight to darkness.

Elevation Photography

Capturing exterior shots of all sides of a building to show architectural details.

Exterior Drone Videography

Capturing dynamic video footage of properties and landscapes using drones.

Exterior Enhancement

Editing techniques to enhance the appearance of a property’s exterior in photos.

Exterior Photography

Capturing photos of the outside of a property, showcasing curb appeal and surroundings.

Exterior Twilight Photography

Capturing the exterior of a property during the “blue hour” just after sunset, creating a dramatic look.

Elevation Rendering

Creating photorealistic visualizations of building exteriors for architectural presentations.

Elevation Mapping

Creating digital models of terrain elevation using drone data.

Elevated Interior Photography

Capturing shots from a slightly elevated angle to show more of the room’s features.

Exterior 360° Video Tour

A comprehensive video tour showcasing the exterior of a property from all angles.

Exterior Drone Hyperlapse

A time-lapse video combining drone movement and changing exterior light.

Exterior Hyperlapse

Creating a time-lapse video by moving the camera along a path around the property.

Exterior Staging

Arranging outdoor furniture and decor to enhance the appeal of a property’s exterior.

Exterior Twilight Timelapse

A time-lapse video capturing the changing light and ambiance during twilight.

Exterior Twilight Videography

Capturing video footage of a property’s exterior during twilight for a cinematic look.

Frontage Photography

Showcasing the front view or facade of a property to highlight its curb appeal.Floor Plan View: A top-down view of each floor of the property, showing layout and dimensions.

Floor Plan Integration

Adding labeled floor plans or room dimensions to real estate photographs.

Floor Plan

A detailed diagram that showcases the layout of a property from a top-down perspective.

Furniture Layout

Indicating the placement of furniture and fixtures within a floor plan.

GigaPixel Photography

Capturing extremely high-resolution images with billions of pixels, suitable for large prints and detailed zooming.

Guided Tours

Pre-set paths that guide users through the property in a specific sequence.

Interior Drone Videography

Capturing indoor footage using drones, showcasing large spaces and architectural details.

Interior Photography

Capturing photos of the inside of a property, showcasing design, layout, and features.

Infrared Photography

Capturing images using infrared light, resulting in unique and ethereal effects.

Interior 360° Photography

Capturing panoramic images to showcase the interior from multiple angles.

Interior 360° Videography

Capturing immersive video tours of interior spaces using specialized equipment.

Interior Hyperlapse

A dynamic time-lapse video showing movement within the interior of a property.

Interior Virtual Staging

Adding virtual furniture and decor to interior photos to enhance visual appeal.

Interior Day to Dusk Conversion

Transforming daytime interior photos into warm and inviting dusk scenes.

Interior Reflection Enhancement

Highlighting reflections in mirrors and glossy surfaces to add depth and realism.

Interior Staging Enhancement

Fine-tuning virtual staging elements to seamlessly blend with the original image.

Image Retouching

Enhancing photos by removing imperfections, adjusting lighting, and refining details.

Lifestyle Photography

Capturing images that showcase a particular lifestyle or activity associated with a property.

Long Exposure

Using a slow shutter speed to capture motion or light trails over a period of time.

Low Angle

Capturing a subject from a position lower than the subject, often making it appear larger or more imposing.

Matterport 3D Showcase

A 3D interactive walkthrough of a property using the Matterport camera system.

Matterport Tour

A virtual walkthrough experience that allows users to explore properties in 3D.

Night Photography

Capturing images in low light conditions, often requiring a tripod or long exposure techniques.


An aerial photo that has been corrected for distortion, creating an accurate map.

Open Concept Floor Plan

A layout that combines multiple living spaces without distinct walls or partitions.

Property Video Tours

Video walkthroughs of properties, showcasing features and giving potential buyers a virtual experience.

Panoramic Photography

Capturing wide and expansive scenes by stitching together multiple images.

Peak Hour Photography

Capturing shots during busy times to showcase the vibrancy of a location.

Property Tour Video

A video showcasing the features and highlights of a property.

Property Walkthrough

A guided tour of a property, typically for potential buyers.

Real Estate Photography

Professional photography focusing on showcasing properties for marketing and sales purposes.

Realty Photography

Professional photography focused on capturing properties for marketing purposes.

Sunrise Photography

Capturing images during the early hours of the morning, taking advantage of the soft, golden light.

Sunset Photography

Capturing images during the evening, making use of the warm, golden hues.

Tilt-Shift Photography

Using a special lens to create selective focus or adjust perspective in architectural photography.

Time-Lapse Photography

Capturing a series of photos over a period of time and compressing them into a short video to show change or movement.

Twilight Photography

Capturing images during the “blue hour,” the period just after sunset or just before sunrise.

Twilight Photography

Capturing shots during the golden hour or blue hour for a unique and warm ambiance.

Virtual Tour

A digital walkthrough of a property, allowing users to explore spaces interactively.

Virtual Reality (VR) Integration

Compatibility with VR headsets for an immersive tour experience.

Virtual Home Tour

A digital walkthrough of a property, often using 360-degree photos or video.

Virtual Staging

Digitally adding furniture and decor to images of vacant or unfurnished properties.

Technique Terms

Aperture Bracketing

Capturing shots at different aperture settings to achieve varied depth of field.

Aesthetic Lighting

Enhancing the visual appeal of a space by using creative lighting techniques.

Altitude Hold

A feature that automatically maintains a set altitude (for a drone/UAV), even without user input.

Balancing Interior and Exterior

Ensuring both interior and exterior areas are properly exposed in photos.


The aesthetic quality of the out-of-focus areas in an image, often achieved with a shallow depth of field.

Bracketed Shots

Multiple shots taken at different exposures, used for creating HDR images.


Capturing multiple shots of the same scene at varying exposure levels, typically used for creating HDR images.


Illuminating the subject from behind, creating a halo effect around the edges.

Bird’s Eye View

A high-angle shot capturing a scene from directly above.

Bounce Flash

Redirecting a flash’s light by bouncing it off surfaces to achieve softer and diffused lighting.

Bracketing Interval

The difference in exposure values between bracketed shots, often measured in stops.

Bracketing Sequence

The order in which bracketed shots are taken, often from darkest to brightest.

BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line of Sight)

Operating a drone beyond the pilot’s line of sight using technology like cameras and sensors.

Balancing Light and Shadow

Ensuring an even distribution of light and shadow in interior and exterior shots.


The arrangement of elements within a photograph, including framing, balance, and focal points.

Composition Rules

Guidelines like the rule of thirds and the golden ratio used to create visually pleasing compositions.

Circular Composition

Arranging elements in a circular pattern to draw attention to the center.

Composite Photography

Combining multiple images to create a single, perfectly exposed photo.


The difference between light and dark areas in a photograph, enhancing visual impact.

Contrast Ratio

The difference between the brightest and darkest areas of an image.

Depth Composition

Creating depth by including foreground, middle ground, and background elements.

Depth of Field

The range of distances in a photo that appear in sharp focus, controlled by aperture settings.


Illuminating a subject from above, casting downward shadows.

Dolly Zoom

A technique where the camera moves closer or farther while adjusting the zoom to create a unique visual effect.

Dynamic Composition

Creating a sense of movement and energy by arranging elements diagonally or with dynamic lines.

Dynamic Range Compression

Reducing the range between bright and dark areas for balance.


The amount of light that enters the camera sensor, affecting the brightness and detail of the image.

Exposure Bracketing

Capturing a series of shots at different exposures to ensure proper exposure in challenging lighting conditions.

Exposure Triangle

The relationship between ISO, shutter speed, and aperture that determines exposure.

Exposure Adjustment

Modifying the overall brightness and darkness of an image to achieve the desired lighting.

Exposure Bracketing

Capturing multiple images with varying exposures for blending and dynamic range adjustment.

Fill Light

Additional artificial lighting used to illuminate shadows and balance exposure.


Using elements in the environment to frame the subject and draw attention to it.

Foreground Interest

Placing interesting elements in the foreground to lead the viewer’s eyes into the image.

Golden Hour

The period shortly after sunrise or before sunset when the light is soft and warm, ideal for outdoor photography.

Golden Triangle Composition

Dividing the frame into four triangles and placing the subject at the intersection points.

HDR (High Dynamic Range)

A technique that involves capturing multiple photos at different exposures and blending them to create an image with a wider range of lighting.

Horizontal and Vertical Lines

Ensuring that lines in a photo align with the horizon or vertical edges, maintaining a balanced composition.

High Dynamic Range Video

A video format that captures a wide range of light levels.

High-Key Lighting

Using bright and even lighting to create a cheerful and airy atmosphere.

Interior Ambient Lighting

Using existing interior lighting to create a cozy and inviting atmosphere.

Landscape Orientation

Positioning the camera to capture a wider horizontal image.

Leading Lines

Using natural or artificial lines in a composition to guide the viewer’s eye towards the main subject.

Manual Mode

A camera mode that allows the photographer to control all settings, including ISO, shutter speed, and aperture.

Matrix Metering

An exposure mode that evaluates the entire frame to determine the correct exposure.

Middle Exposure

An exposure that captures midtones, balancing shadows and highlights.

Motion Blur

The effect caused by capturing movement with a slow shutter speed.

Natural Lighting

Using sunlight or other natural light sources without the addition of artificial lighting.

Negative Space

Empty or unoccupied space in a composition that contrasts with the main subject.

No-Fly Zones

Designated areas where drone flight is restricted or prohibited for safety or security reasons.

Off-Camera Flash

An external flash unit placed away from the camera, providing directional lighting.

One-Point Perspective

A linear perspective where all lines converge to a single point, creating depth.

Overhead Shot

Capturing the subject from directly above, often used in interior photography.


A technique that involves moving the camera horizontally, following a moving subject to create a sense of motion.

Remote Shooting

Capturing images or videos using remote devices or controls.

Short Exposure

A fast shutter speed that captures a brief moment in time, freezing motion.

Sunburst Effect

Capturing the sun with a starburst effect, often achieved with a small aperture.


Bright streaks or spots in an image caused by the sun shining directly into the lens.


A compositional technique where elements are mirrored or balanced on both sides of an image.

Stop Motion

An animation technique where objects are moved in small increments between photographed frames.

Symmetrical Balance

A composition where elements are mirrored on both sides of a central axis.

Time-of-Day Planning

Scheduling shoots based on optimal lighting conditions at different times of day.

Vertical Orientation

Positioning the camera to capture a taller image.

Visual Observer

A person who assists the drone pilot by keeping an eye on the drone and its surroundings.

Editing Terms

Ambient Lighting

Natural or existing light in a space, not augmented by additional light sources.

Ambient Occlusion

Technique in 3D graphics to simulate soft shadowing in crevices and corners, giving depth to objects.

Analogous Color Scheme

Colors next to each other on the color wheel, creating a harmonious design.

Aspect Ratio Cropping

Reshaping an image to a different width-height ratio without distorting its elements.


Notes or labels added to an image or scene to provide context or extra details.

Batch Processing

Editing a group of photos simultaneously with the same settings.

Before-and-After Editing

Showing original versus edited photos side by side to highlight changes.

Bokeh Effect

Blurred background effect, enhancing subject sharpness, often through wide aperture settings.

Blending Modes

Techniques in editing software that affect how layers interact, changing image appearance.

Bracketed Exposure Fusion

Merging differently exposed images to achieve balanced lighting.

Cataloguing Software

Tools for organizing, tagging, and managing photo collections.

Chromatic Aberration

Unwanted color fringes at contrast transitions in photos, often due to lens imperfections.

Color Correction

Editing to ensure true-to-life and balanced colors in photos.

Composite Image

An image formed by combining elements from multiple photos.

Composite Panorama

Merging several panoramic images to produce an ultra-wide scene.

Curves Adjustment

Editing tool that modifies image brightness and contrast using a graphical curve.

Clipping Warning

Indicators showing overexposed or underexposed areas in photos, risking loss of detail.

Color Depth

The number of colors an image can display, affecting richness and detail.

Color Temperature

Warmth or coolness of light, affecting mood; measured in Kelvin.

Composite Bracketing

Merging bracketed photos to yield one image with even exposure.

Contrast Enhancement

Amplifying the difference between light and dark areas in an image.

Cropping Guide

Guidelines aiding photographers to crop images according to compositional rules.

CAD (Computer-Aided Design)

Software for digital design and drafting, including floor plans.

CAD Conversion

Turning non-digital plans into digital CAD formats.

Clipping Path

Defining an object’s outline in an image to separate it from its background.

Color Cast Removal

Fixing unwanted color tints in photos due to lighting or camera issues.

Color Grading

Enhancing image colors to evoke mood or style.

Color Pop

Amplifying certain colors in an image to emphasize subjects or areas.

Depth Enhancing Techniques

Editing methods that heighten perceived depth in photos.

Day to Night Conversion

Changing a daytime photo to resemble nighttime through post-processing.

DNG (Digital Negative)

Adobe’s universal raw image format.


Lowering or removing color saturation for muted or black and white results.

Digital Staging Software

Tools for adding virtual furniture and decor to property images.


Reducing or removing grain or noise from photos in post-processing.

Exposure Fusion

Combining multiple exposures into a balanced final image.


A technique to blend images for balanced lighting, avoiding strong HDR effects.

Embed Code

Code that integrates features, like a Matterport tour, into a website.

Fisheye Correction

Rectifying the curved distortion from fisheye lenses.

Ghosting Removal

Addressing artifacts from moving objects when merging multiple images.

Highlight Recovery

Retrieving details from bright, overexposed areas during editing.

HDR Ghosting Correction

Editing to eliminate unwanted artifacts in HDR images from moving elements.

HDR Tone Mapping

Adapting the dynamic range of HDR images for standard screen displays.


Graph showing light and dark tone distribution in photos.


Clickable points in virtual tours revealing more details or media.

Image Cropping

Adjusting an image’s boundaries to improve composition or focus.

Image Enhancement

Improving an image’s quality via brightness, contrast, sharpness, etc.

Image Masking

Isolating and selectively editing specific parts of an image.

Image Stitching

Merging photos for panoramic or wide-angle views.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

Common image format that compresses data.

Lens Correction

Adjusting for lens-induced image imperfections.

Lens Distortion

Image warp due to lens characteristics.

Lens Flare

Unintentional light artifacts from light sources shining directly into the lens.

Lightroom Presets

Saved settings in Adobe Lightroom for quick edits.

Object Removal

Erasing unwanted elements from photos.

Photo Stitching

Joining photos for panoramas or extended scenes.


Editing photos after shooting using software.

Pixel Peeping

Analyzing photos at full zoom to assess detail and quality.


Color intensity in an image.

Shadow Recovery

Retrieving details from dark, underexposed areas during editing.

Sky Replacement

Swapping an image’s sky with another for aesthetic or dynamic effects.

Straighten Tool

Adjusting tilted images to ensure a level horizon or vertical lines.

Spot Healing

Retouching to eliminate minor photo imperfections.

Tone Curve

Tool to adjust photo tones for shadows, midtones, and highlights.

Tilt-Shift Lens Correction

Rectifying photos from tilt-shift lenses for proportionate images.


Darkening image corners, either intentionally for effect or as an unwanted lens result.

Warm and Cool Tones

Color temperature adjustments to influence photo mood.

White Balance

Correcting color temperature for natural-looking images.

Window Pull

Emphasizing window views in property photos while maintaining interior exposure.

Camera & Equipment  Terms


The opening in the lens that controls the amount of light entering the camera. It also affects the depth of field.

Aperture Priority

A camera mode where the photographer sets the aperture, and the camera adjusts other settings to achieve proper exposure.

Aspect Ratio

The ratio of an image’s width to its height, often expressed as a fraction (e.g., 4:3, 16:9).

Auto Exposure Bracketing (AEB)

A feature that captures a series of shots at different exposures automatically.

Achromatic Lens

A lens specifically designed to minimize chromatic aberration, resulting in accurate color reproduction.

Battery Management System

A technology that optimizes and monitors the performance of drone batteries.

Crop Sensor

A camera sensor that offers a cropped view compared to a full-frame sensor.

Circular Fisheye Lens

This lens produces a circular fisheye effect, distorting the scene into a spherical shape.

Circular Polarizer

A filter that reduces reflections and can enhance color saturation, particularly beneficial for outdoor scenes.


A notable Japanese brand specializing in manufacturing cameras, lenses, and other imaging devices.

Canon Connect Station

A tool from Canon that facilitates wireless image transfer and storage.

Canon DIGIC Processor

Canon’s proprietary image processor that boosts image quality and processing speed.

Canon Dual Pixel CMOS AF

Canon’s technology that ensures quick and accurate autofocus during video capture.

Canon EOS

The Electro-Optical System or EOS is Canon’s series of SLR and DSLR cameras.

Canon Image Stabilization (IS)

A Canon-specific technology designed to minimize camera shake and produce sharper images.

Canon PowerShot

A series of compact digital cameras from Canon recognized for their user-friendly features.

Canon Speedlite

Canon’s external camera flash units.

Collision Avoidance System

Tech that assists drones in detecting and avoiding obstacles while flying.

Dynamic Range

Refers to the spectrum of light intensities a camera can capture, spanning from the darkest shadows to the brightest highlights.

DX Format

Nikon’s APS-C sensor format. This format is present in some of their cameras, striking a balance between size and performance.

Drone Autonomy

Describes a drone’s capability to perform tasks without continuous human input.

Drone Fleet Management

Monitoring and controlling multiple drones for efficient operations.

Drone Propulsion

The system of motors, propellers, and batteries that power a drone’s flight.

Drone Registration

The process of officially registering a drone with the relevant aviation authority.

Drone Remote Sensing

Collecting data from a distance using sensors and cameras mounted on drones.

Edge Distortion

A distortion effect caused by wide-angle lenses, where objects near the edges appear stretched.

Exposure Compensation

Adjusting the camera’s exposure settings to achieve proper lighting.

EF Lens

Canon’s brand name for their line of camera lenses designed for their SLR and DSLR cameras.

EF-S Lens

Canon’s brand name for their line of lenses specifically designed for cameras with APS-C sensors.

Flash Photography

The use of artificial lighting, such as an external flash unit, to illuminate a space evenly and reduce harsh shadows.

Full Frame Sensor

A camera sensor that is equivalent in size to a 35mm film frame.

Flash Compensation

Adjusting the power output of a flash to achieve desired lighting effects.

Fujifilm: A Japanese manufacturer known for its range of digital cameras and imaging products.

Fujinon Lens: Fujifilm’s brand name for their line of camera lenses, known for optical excellence.

FX Format: Nikon’s full-frame sensor format used in their high-end cameras, delivering superior image quality.

FPV (First Person View)

A feature that allows the drone pilot to see what the drone’s camera is capturing in real-time.

FPV Goggles

Head-mounted displays that provide a first-person view of the drone’s flight.

GCS (Ground Control Station)

A system that allows the drone pilot to monitor and control the drone’s flight from the ground.


The process of aligning drone imagery with real-world geographic coordinates.


Virtual boundaries set to restrict a drone’s flight in certain areas or altitudes.


A stabilized camera mount that helps eliminate vibrations and ensures smooth video footage.

GPS (Global Positioning System)

Satellite-based navigation system used by drones to determine their precise location.


A drone with six rotors, providing increased stability and lifting capacity.

Image Metadata

Embedded information within an image file, including camera settings and date taken.

Image Stabilization

Technology in lenses or cameras that reduces blur caused by camera shake during handheld shots.


A camera setting that adjusts sensitivity to light, affecting image brightness and noise.

Lens Hood

An accessory that attaches to the front of a lens, preventing unwanted lens flare.

LiDAR Point Cloud

A collection of 3D data points captured by a LiDAR-equipped drone.

LiPo Battery

A common type of battery used in drones, known for its high energy density.

Medium Format Camera

A camera that uses larger sensors than standard DSLRs for better image quality.

Neutral Density (ND) Filter

A filter that reduces the amount of light entering the lens, allowing for slower shutter speeds or wider apertures.

Nikkor Lens

Nikon’s brand name for their line of camera lenses, known for their optical quality.


A renowned Japanese manufacturer of cameras, lenses, and imaging products.

Nikon D-Lighting

A feature that enhances the dynamic range of images directly in the camera.

Nikon F Mount

The lens mount standard used by Nikon for their SLR and DSLR cameras.

Nikon Picture Control

Preset settings that control color, contrast, and sharpening in Nikon cameras.

Nikon SnapBridge

Nikon’s technology for seamless image transfer and remote control via Bluetooth.

Nikon Speedlight

Nikon’s brand name for their line of external camera flash units.

Nikon Z Series

Nikon’s mirrorless camera lineup, designed for compactness and versatility.


Grainy or speckled texture in photos, often caused by high ISO settings.

Optical Zoom

Zooming using the camera’s lens rather than digitally enlarging the image.


When an image is too bright due to too much light hitting the sensor.

Optical Image Stabilization

A technology that compensates for camera shake to capture sharper images.

Obstacle Avoidance

Sensors and technology that enable a drone to detect and avoid obstacles in its flight path.


A drone with eight rotors, often used for heavy payloads or professional applications.

Polarizing Filter

A filter that reduces glare and reflections and enhances color saturation.

Prime Lens

A fixed focal length lens, known for its sharpness and often a wider maximum aperture.

Professional Grade Lenses

High-quality lenses designed for professional use, offering sharper optics and more durable construction.


The weight a drone can carry, including cameras, sensors, and other equipment.

Payload Drop System

Mechanism on a drone to release or drop payloads, such as supplies or sensors.


The person with the ultimate responsibility for the operation and safety of a drone.

Rule of Thirds

A compositional guideline that divides an image into nine equal segments, placing subjects at the intersections for visual interest.

Range Extender

A device that increases the distance a drone can fly from its controller.

Shallow Depth of Field

A narrow range of distances in a photo that are in sharp focus, creating a blurred background.


The clarity and level of detail in an image.

Shutter Priority

A camera mode that allows the photographer to set the shutter speed while the camera adjusts other settings for proper exposure.

Shutter Speed

The amount of time the camera sensor is exposed to light, affecting motion blur and exposure.

Single Exposure

Capturing an image with a single click of the shutter, without blending multiple shots.


A manufacturer of camera lenses and photographic accessories known for its diverse lens lineup.

Spot Metering

An exposure mode that determines the correct exposure based on a small area of the frame.


A manufacturer of camera lenses and optical equipment known for its innovative lens designs.

Telephoto Lens

A lens with a long focal length, ideal for capturing subjects from a distance.


A three-legged stand used to stabilize a camera, ensuring sharp images.

Tilt-Shift Lens

A lens that allows for selective focus and perspective control.

Ultra Wide-Angle Lens

A lens with a very short focal length, capturing a broad field of view.

UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)

Another term for a drone, a remotely piloted or autonomous flying device.

X Series

Fujifilm’s line of mirrorless digital cameras known for their compact design and image quality.

Architecture and Interior Design Term


A recessed area within a larger room, often used for seating or storage.


A professional who designs and plans buildings, considering both aesthetics and functionality.

Architectural Scale

A measurement ratio used to accurately represent dimensions on a floor plan.

Architectural Symbols

Standardized icons used on floor plans to represent various elements and features.


An open, central space within a building often surrounded by multiple floors.

Architectural Visualization

Using photo editing techniques to showcase architectural designs before construction.


Detailed technical drawings used by architects and builders to construct structures.


The arrangement of bricks in walls, arches, and other architectural features.


A decorative railing made of balusters and a top rail, commonly found on staircases and balconies.


A structural element that extends beyond its support without external bracing.


A vertical, load-bearing element that supports the weight of a structure.


A decorative molding that crowns the top of a building’s walls or columns.


A small, cozy room often used as a study or home office.


A rounded vault forming the roof of a building, often used in religious or monumental architecture.


The lower edge of a roof that overhangs the walls.

Elevation Drawing

A detailed representation of a property’s exterior from a specific angle.

Ensuite Bathroom

A private bathroom connected directly to a bedroom.


The exterior face or front elevation of a building.

Facade Cladding

The external covering or layer that protects and enhances a building’s appearance.

Flying Buttress

A structural support outside a building that counteracts the lateral thrust of a vault or arch.


An entryway or reception area that welcomes guests into a property.


The triangular portion of a wall formed by the intersection of two sloping roof sections.

Great Room

A large, multipurpose space that combines living, dining, and often kitchen areas.

Jack and Jill Bathroom

A shared bathroom between two bedrooms, accessible from both rooms.

Laundry Room

A designated space for washing and drying clothes.


A framework of crisscrossed wooden strips often used for decorative elements.


A series of angled slats or blades that allow air and light to pass through while controlling visibility.


An open space above a main living area, often used as an additional room.

Mansard Roof

A style of roof with two slopes on all sides, creating additional living space within the attic.

Master Suite

A private living space, often with an attached bathroom and walk-in closet.


An entryway or transitional space for removing outdoor gear and shoes.


A storage space for food, often located near the kitchen.


A low protective wall along the edge of a roof, balcony, or terrace.


A garden feature consisting of a shaded walkway or sitting area made of vertical pillars and cross-beams.


The total length of the boundary of a shape or property.


A vertical support structure, often used to hold up a bridge or as a foundation for a building.


A small, pointed ornament or feature on a building, often at the top of a tower.


A covered entrance supported by columns, often leading to the main entrance of a building.

Roof Pitch

The angle or slope of a roof, measured in degrees or as a ratio.


A wall-mounted light fixture that directs light upwards and downwards.


A window installed in a roof to allow natural light into a room.

Solar Panel Integration

Incorporating solar panels on a drone to extend its battery life or power onboard equipment.


The vertical space that contains a staircase, connecting multiple floors.

Sump Pump

A pump that removes water accumulated in a sump basin, commonly found in basements.


The process of determining the boundaries, elevations, and dimensions of a property.


An outdoor, elevated area connected to a building, often used for seating or relaxation.


A small, tower-like projection from a building, often containing windows.

Underfloor Heating

Heating systems installed beneath the floor to provide radiant heat.

Utility Room

A room or space designated for housing major mechanical equipment.

Vaulted Ceiling

A ceiling that rises at an arch rather than being flat.


Decorative trim under the eaves of a building, often found in Victorian architecture.


A roofed platform running along the outside of a house, often partly enclosed.

Wet Room

A bathroom in which the shower is not enclosed, allowing the entire room to be used as a showering space.

Real Estate and General Business Terms


The increase in value of a property over time.

A/B Testing

Experimenting with different versions of marketing materials to determine which is more effective.

Buyer’s Agent

The real estate agent representing the buyer of a property.

Business Development

Initiatives aimed at expanding and growing a real estate business.

Closing Costs

Fees and expenses paid by the buyer and seller during the property’s transfer of ownership.

Closing Disclosure

A document outlining the final terms and costs of a real estate transaction.


A condition that must be met before a real estate transaction can proceed.

Contingent Offer

An offer to purchase a property that depends on certain conditions being met.

Call to Action (CTA)

A prompt that encourages website visitors to take a specific action, such as contacting an agent.

Client Consultation

A meeting where real estate professionals discuss clients’ needs, goals, and preferences.

Closing Costs

Fees and expenses associated with finalizing a real estate transaction.


The fee earned by real estate agents or brokerages for facilitating property transactions.

Comparative Market Analysis (CMA)

A report comparing a property’s value to similar properties in the same area.

Content Calendar

A schedule outlining the topics and dates for creating and publishing content.

Content Marketing

Creating and sharing valuable content to attract and engage potential clients.

Conversion Funnel

The path a potential client takes from initial contact to becoming a customer.

Conversion Rate

The percentage of visitors who take a desired action, such as filling out a contact form or making a call.


A legally binding agreement outlining terms and conditions between parties involved in a transaction.

CRM (Customer Relationship Management)

Software that manages client interactions and tracks business relationships.

CRM Integration

Connecting customer relationship management software with marketing platforms for better lead management.

Digital Marketing

Promoting properties and services through online channels such as websites, social media, and email.


The decrease in value of a property over time.

Down Payment

The initial payment made by the buyer toward the purchase of the property.

Email Marketing

Sending targeted emails to clients and leads to promote properties and provide updates.


A neutral third party that holds funds and documents during a real estate transaction.

FSBO (For Sale By Owner)

A property being sold directly by the owner without the involvement of a real estate agent.


An agreement allowing individuals to operate under an established real estate brand and business model.


Delivering ads or content to a specific geographic location or region.

Google Ads

Google’s advertising platform that allows businesses to create and display ads on search results and websites.

Google Analytics

A tool that tracks and analyzes website traffic and user behavior.

Google My Business

A tool that allows businesses to create and manage their online presence on Google.

Home Inspection

A thorough assessment of a property’s condition to identify any issues.

Home Warranty

A service contract that covers repairs and replacements of home systems and appliances.

HUD-1 Statement

A document detailing the costs associated with a real estate transaction.

Image Licensing

The permission granted to use or reproduce a photograph for specific purposes.

Inbound Marketing

Strategies that attract potential clients through valuable content and information.

Keyword Research

Identifying relevant keywords and phrases to optimize content for search engines.

Landing Page

A dedicated webpage designed to capture leads or promote a specific property or service.

Lead Generation

Strategies and tactics to attract potential clients and generate business inquiries.

Lead Generation Funnel

The stages a potential client goes through, from awareness to conversion, in the marketing process.

Lead Magnet

Valuable content or resources offered in exchange for contact information from potential clients.

Lead Nurturing

Building relationships with potential clients over time through personalized communications.

Lease Agreement

A legal contract outlining the terms and conditions of renting a property.

Market Analysis

Evaluating the demand, competition, and potential for a specific market.

MLS (Multiple Listing Service)

A database used by real estate agents to list and find properties for sale.


A loan used to finance the purchase of a property.

Mortgage Broker

A professional who assists borrowers in obtaining the best loan terms.

Mortgage Pre-Approval

A formal commitment from a lender to provide a loan to a potential buyer.

Marketing Collateral

Print or digital materials used to promote properties, such as brochures and flyers.

Native Advertising

Paid content that matches the style and format of the platform it appears on.


Building relationships and connections within the real estate industry to expand business opportunities.

Outbound Marketing

Traditional marketing techniques such as cold calling and direct mail.

Pre-Listing Inspection

A property inspection conducted before listing it for sale.

Property Deed

A legal document that establishes ownership of a property.

Property Easement

A right granted to use another person’s land for a specific purpose.

Property Survey

A professional assessment of a property’s boundaries, structures, and features.

Property Title

The legal ownership and right to a property.

Pay-Per-Click (PPC) Advertising

Online advertising where advertisers pay for each click on their ads.

Property Appraisal

A professional assessment of a property’s value conducted by a licensed appraiser.

Property Flipping

Purchasing properties with the intent of renovating or improving them before reselling at a higher price.

Property Listing

An advertisement detailing a property’s features, price, and contact information for potential buyers.

Property Management

Services provided to oversee and maintain rental properties on behalf of owners.

Retargeting Ads

Displaying ads to users who have previously visited a website but did not convert.

Real Estate Appraisal

An evaluation to determine the market value of a property.

Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT)

A company that owns, operates, or finances real estate properties.

Real Estate Agent

A licensed professional who represents buyers and sellers in real estate transactions.

Real Estate Auction

A public sale where properties are sold to the highest bidder.

Real Estate Broker

A licensed individual or firm that oversees real estate agents and manages real estate transactions.

Real Estate Business Model

The structure and strategies employed by a real estate business for growth and profitability.

Real Estate CMA (Comparative Market Analysis)

A report comparing a property’s value to similar properties in the same area.

Real Estate CRM

Software specifically designed for managing client interactions and leads in the real estate industry.

Real Estate Investment

Acquiring property with the expectation of earning a return on the investment, either through rent or capital appreciation.

Real Estate Marketing Strategy

A plan detailing how a real estate professional or business will promote and sell properties.

Real Estate Portfolio

A collection of properties owned by an individual or company for investment purposes.

Real Estate SEO (Search Engine Optimization)

Techniques to improve the visibility of real estate websites on search engines.

Real Estate Software

Digital tools designed to streamline processes and tasks in the real estate industry.

Real Estate Trends

Patterns or shifts in the real estate market influenced by economic, societal, or technological factors.


A real estate professional who is a member of the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and adheres to its code of ethics.

Referral Network

A system where real estate professionals refer clients to other professionals in return for a fee or reciprocal referrals.

Seller’s Agent

The real estate agent representing the property’s seller.

Sales Funnel

The stages a potential client goes through, from awareness to conversion, in the sales process.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

Techniques to improve the visibility of websites on search engines.

SEO Audit

An assessment of a website’s optimization for search engines to identify areas for improvement.

Social Media Advertising

Promoting properties or services on social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, or LinkedIn.

Social Media Marketing

Using social media platforms to connect with audiences, build brand awareness, and promote properties.

Social Media Strategy

A plan detailing how a business will use social media platforms to achieve its marketing goals.

Transaction Fee

A charge associated with processing a real estate transaction, often separate from the commission.


A period when a rental property is unoccupied and not generating rental income.

Value Proposition

A clear statement of the benefits or value a real estate service offers to clients.

Web Analytics

The collection and analysis of website data, such as traffic, user behavior, and conversion rates.

Website Optimization

Making adjustments to a website to improve its performance, user experience, and search engine ranking.


Setting up a property with furniture and decor to make it visually appealing for photography.

Zillow 3D Home

A platform by Zillow that provides 3D tours of properties for sale.

Zoning Laws

Legal regulations that dictate how specific areas of land can be used, affecting property development and use.

how to start a real estate photography business

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